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Aftermath Lesson Plan
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Aftermath for the
Freedom Seekers

Lesson Summary:
To gain an understanding of African American pride and activism in the United States by focusing on Black organizations founded between the 1900’s and the 1950’s.

Key Features of Powerful Teaching and Learning:
(National Council for the Social Studies. “A Vision of Powerful Teaching and Learning in the Social Studies: Building Social Understanding and Civic Efficacy.”

Meaningful: Emphasizes social issues of the 20th Century.

Value-based: Promotes critical, creative, and ethical thinking about situations faced by people everyday.

Challenging: Students will be given the opportunity to examine segregation and its effects on today’s society.

Active: Students will work individually and in groups to identify, discuss, and present specific examples of social issues.

To gain an understanding of African American pride and activism in the United States by focusing on Black organizations founded between the 1900’s and the 1950’s.

a. Students will use the Internet to find examples of Black organizations that existed during the first half of the 20th Century (1900-1950), including Negro Leagues baseball.

b. Students will identify and learn about the roles of Black organizations that existed both historically and today.

c. Students will learn about various perspectives on race relations in the United States.

Lesson Background Information:
After escaping slavery and reaching their destinations, former slaves often had to continue to struggle for autonomy and a decent life. While they found jobs and tried to settle into family life, those who had escaped from slavery and relocated in other parts of the United States faced numerous obstacles in their attempts to lead ordinary lives. According to Ripley in The Underground Railroad, Blacks struggled against racism, race violence, and an indifferent and hostile political and legal system that in its normal application afforded them little protection and few resources (p. 67). Despite these obstacles, they founded or became affiliated with Black organizations such as newspapers, schools, and churches that promoted activism and pride.

Danker, Anita C. Multicultural Social Studies: Using Local History in the Classroom. New York: Teachers College Press, 2005.

Ripley, C. P. The Underground Railroad. In U.S. National Park Service, Division of Publications, Underground Railroad (pp. 45-75). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, 1998.

Online Resources:

National Association of Colored Women's Clubs

Encyclopedia Britannica Online:

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Wikipedia: NAACP

National Bar Association

National Council of Negro Women, Inc.

Negro Leagues Baseball
Negro Leagues Baseball Museum

Wikipedia: Negro Leagues Baseball

National Negro Business League
Lexis Nexis Records of the National Negro Business League

Library of Congress: Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929

National Urban League

Using information provided by the suggested online resources in the lesson plan, students in groups of 3-4 will create a brochure, either in print or electronic format, which provides information about a traditionally Black organization. The brochures should include information such as the organization's history, mission statement, activities, location, etc. Students creating an online brochure can present it in a simple one or two page website. Students choosing to create their brochure in print can use a publishing software or Word to create the product.

Grade level: 9-12
Subject: Social Studies

NCSS Standards:
ISTE Standards: 1, 3, 4, 5
Missouri Standards: 2, 5, 6

Time Allotment:
One, 60-minute period